verb ( -fies, -fied) [ trans. ]
strengthen (a place) with defensive works so as to protect it against attack: the whole town was heavily fortified | [as adj. ] (fortified) a fortified manor house.
• strengthen or invigorate (someone) mentally or physically: I was fortified by the knowledge that I was in a sympathetic house.
• [often as adj. ] (fortified) strengthen (a drink) with alcohol: fortified wine.
• increase the nutritive value of (food), esp. with vitamins.
ORIGIN late Middle English: from French fortifier, from late Latin fortificare, from Latin fortis ‘strong.’
1 having a hole or empty space inside : each fiber has a hollow core.
• (of a thing) having a depression in its surface; concave : hollow cheeks.
• (of a sound) echoing, as though made in or on an empty container : a hollow cough.
2 without significance : the result was a hollow victory.
• insincere : a hollow promise.
a hole or depression in something : a hollow at the base of a large tree.
• a small valley : the house fell behind as they climbed out of the hollow.
verb [ trans. ]
form by making a hole : a tunnel was hollowed out in a mountain range.
• make a depression in.
beat someone hollow defeat or surpass someone completely or thoroughly.
in the hollow of one’s hand entirely in one’s power : great events lay in the hollow of his hand.
ORIGIN Old English holh [cave] ; obscurely related to hole .